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How To Cultivate Cannibus

How To Cultivate Cannibus

Introducing HydroGro, Powered by Pricematch: As the world increasingly embraces the legalization of cannabis, a wave of enthusiasm is sweeping across the United States and various corners of the globe. The green revolution is on the rise! In Europe, while not yet universally official, cannabis is, for the most part, openly accepted and embraced.

You've made a fantastic choice – you're stepping into the world of cultivating your very own cannabis. Bravo! You're about to become a part of a thriving community, an emblem of the global phenomenon known as "homegrown marijuana."

Cultivating your cannabis is a delightful and cost-effective journey that promises to fill your stash jar with top-notch buds. Cannabis, a resilient plant, thrives in a diverse array of climates, whether it's in open fields, carefully controlled greenhouses, or within the comfort of your indoor space, throughout the entire year.

Mastering the Art of Growing Cannabis from Seed: A Step-by-Step Guide

Much like any form of gardening, cultivating cannabis is a skill that evolves with time. It's an easy concept to grasp, yet it takes a lifetime of blissful experience to truly excel. There's no need to feel daunted by the prospect of growing your own cannabis; the process is not complex and can cater to your budget, whether frugal or extravagant.

To embark on your journey of growing marijuana, it's vital to grasp the fundamental principles. Making well-informed decisions at the outset can significantly enhance your final harvest. These seven fundamental steps will provide you with a solid foundation to become a proficient cannabis cultivator.

Step 1: Picking Your Cannabis Seeds

A Diverse Array of Cannabis Seeds

The choices are seemingly boundless. Sativa, indica, ruderalis, an array of hybrids – all available with just a few clicks. You already have an idea of what tickles your taste buds from your personal encounters. Which strains have harmonized with your preferences in the past? Which ones have provided relief for your specific condition? Those could be your starting point.

Now, with your individual palate in mind, factor in your growing circumstances. Are you tending to a compact closet garden where the efficiency of small, fast-maturing varieties like autoflowering strains or indicas is paramount? Or do you have the luxury of a spacious backyard that beckons you to cultivate one or more robust plants directly in the earth or within sizable containers?

Step 2: Cannabis Essentials

Essential Elements for Cannabis Growth

For cannabis to thrive and yield the coveted, resin-rich buds, several fundamental components are imperative.

☀️ Light

To ensure robust vegetation, cannabis necessitates more than eighteen hours of light within every twenty-four-hour cycle. If you're cultivating indoors, light duration is under your control through timers. For outdoor cultivation, germination should be timed to coincide with over twelve hours of daylight and at least eight hours of direct sunlight daily.

🌱 Growing Medium

Organic growers often rely on soil, either indoors or outdoors. However, there are alternative options. Nutrient-dependent neutral mediums, such as coconut coir, perlite, vermiculite, or rock wool, can be employed. Some advanced methods like aeroponics, pure hydroponics, or deep water culture dispense with mediums altogether, with the root system directly accessing nutrients from the nutrient mix.

💨 Air

Fresh, circulating air is crucial for cannabis, ensuring strength and the proper exchange of gases. Outdoors, natural breezes take care of this, but indoor cultivation necessitates fresh air intake, stale air exhaust, and fans to ensure proper airflow. Stagnant conditions invite pests, molds, and weak growth, while an accumulation of exhaled gases can stunt plant development.

💧 Water

Just like all living organisms, cannabis requires water for growth and to perform its biological functions. Outdoor crops in regions with regular rainfall may get their water naturally. However, large cannabis plants have a reputation for thirst, often requiring supplemental watering between rains.

Indoors, water serves as the medium for nutrient transport. Unmodified water is used for flushing in hydroponic and soilless systems. Monitoring the pH of your water is crucial, making a pH meter a vital component of your comprehensive grow kit.

🌡️ Temperature

Cannabis is resilient, capable of withstanding various temperature extremes, but like any living creature, it can experience stress and reduced function under extreme conditions. Cannabis can succumb to frost or scorching heat, leading to growth inhibition or dormancy. Ideal cannabis growth typically occurs at around twenty-seven degrees Celsius. Achieving this indoors is manageable through fans, air conditioning units, and heating or cooling mats, with lighting generating additional heat that requires ventilation.

Outdoor growers must select the right timing, taking local climate into account. Utilizing sun cycle apps or charts ensures that you plant at the optimal moment. Starting too early risks triggering premature flowering and subsequent re-vegging, which is undesirable. A delayed start results in smaller plants with fewer flower sites.


Cannabis, like all living organisms, requires nourishment to thrive. A well-structured soil mix, rich in compost, microorganisms, vitamins, and minerals, can provide sufficient nutrition throughout the plant's life cycle. Incorporating practices such as watering with compost tea, or using organic additives like molasses and feather meals, improves soil quality and fosters healthy plant development.

For hydroponic or neutral mediums, pre-formulated nutrient blends are essential to supply all vital nutrients. These blends are often tailored for cannabis cultivation. Specific concoctions are available for different soil-less mediums you might choose.

🌫️ Humidity

Outdoor growers have limited control over humidity, relying on the local climate. However, this fluctuation in humidity, coupled with the plant's adaptability to changing environments, contributes to exceptionally robust cannabis plants.

Indoor cultivation demands meticulous humidity control from seed to flowering stage. Leaves naturally extract moisture from the atmosphere as part of their daily functions. Maintaining the correct humidity levels creates a healthy, pest-resistant, and mold-free environment.

Whether you're cultivating in a closet, grow tent, or dedicated grow room, or directly in the soil or pots outdoors, even in a companion-planted garden, addressing these essential elements ensures vigorous growth and high-quality, resin-drenched cannabis buds.

Step 3: Illuminating Indoor Cannabis Cultivation

Illuminating the Path for Indoor Cannabis Growth

In the wake of cannabis legalization, the realm of indoor cannabis cultivation has witnessed a phenomenal expansion in the array of lighting and grow room options available. The pivotal factor to consider here is your budget.

Tailored Grow Cupboards

For those with a substantial budget, fully customized cannabis grow cupboards are on the market. These sophisticated units come prepared by seasoned experts and are equipped with lights, fans, distinct chambers for cloning, vegetative growth, and flowering, as well as timers and carbon filters. They are essentially plug-and-play solutions for those who can invest thousands of dollars.

Lights Suited to Every Budget

Conversely, there are budget-friendly options that deliver efficient results. You can establish a rudimentary yet highly effective setup using CFLs (Compact Fluorescent Lights) or compact LED panels for less than three hundred dollars. This minimalistic approach allows you to cultivate impressive buds within the confines of a spare closet. T5 fluorescent lights, available in various spectrums for both vegetative and flowering stages, are also compact and suitable for smaller spaces.

Traditional Options: HPS and MH Lamps

Traditional choices include High-Pressure Sodium (HPS) and Metal Halide (MH) lamps. A 1000W HPS lamp with reflectors can effectively illuminate a 1.5 x 1.5-meter area, promoting robust plant growth. Similarly, a 600W MH lamp can cover the same space and yield top-quality flowers by the end of the growth cycle. It's crucial to take into account the heat generated by these lights. Without efficient ventilation, your grow space can quickly become excessively warm, jeopardizing the health of your cannabis plants.

Step 4: Seedling Genesis for Cannabis

Cultivating Cannabis Seedlings

The inception of your entire cannabis cultivation journey commences with the germination of your seeds. Within each viable seed lies the genetic blueprint for the specific plant strain you've chosen. All they require are the right conditions to kickstart their life cycle. Seeds remain dormant until three essential needs are met: water, the correct temperature (warmth), and a suitable environment.

Cannabis cultivation is an organic process that doesn't adhere to strict rules. It's not a linear system to be memorized but rather an art to be perfected. Numerous methods exist for germinating cannabis, and over time, you'll discover the one that suits you best.

1. Directly into the Growing Medium

Plant the seeds directly into your chosen growing medium. This method minimizes the risk of transplant shock. Initially, it's often simpler to germinate in a small pot filled with your chosen medium and then later transplant into your garden or larger pots.

2. Paper Towel Method

Lay the seeds on a moistened paper towel placed on a plate and put it in a warm, dark location. Usually, the setup is covered with plastic wrap or an upturned plate to retain moisture and humidity. After a few days to a week, your seeds will sprout.

3. Jiffies, Plugs, and Rock Wool Starters

These options are convenient for managing numerous seeds in a confined space. Once the seedlings have taken root, you can transfer them to their final growing location without damaging their delicate roots.

4. Soaking in Water

Simply immerse the seeds in enzyme-enriched water until you observe the taproot emerging. Then, transfer the seedling to your chosen medium. About a week later, the seedling will penetrate the surface.

5. Germination Stations

These specialized setups provide comprehensive control over the germination environment, including humidity and temperature regulation. They can accelerate germination times.

Once your plants emerge above the surface, with cotyledons shedding the seed husk to unveil the first true leaves, the process of photosynthesis commences. At this stage, you have a genuine marijuana seedling well on its way to becoming either a resinous indoor dwarf or a thriving outdoor giant.

Step 5: Cannabis in the Vegetative Stage

Lush Growth in the World of Cannabis

The moment green leaves bask in the light, photosynthesis takes center stage, and your plants embark on the metabolic journey known as the vegetative phase.


Indoor cultivation involves setting your lights on an eighteen-hour day, six-hour night lighting schedule. This schedule doesn't have to align with natural daylight hours and can be tailored to your convenience, potentially saving you a substantial amount of electricity costs. For a thriving indoor garden, your plants should either thrive in organic soil or be nourished with nutrients specially designed for the vegetative phase. Ensuring consistent airflow with fan-forced breezes helps maintain optimal temperatures and strengthens your young cannabis plants. You can also explore advanced techniques like carbon dioxide enrichment, low-stress training, and scrogging to accelerate growth and enhance the flowering potential of your indoor cannabis.


In outdoor settings, cannabis experiences rapid growth as daylight hours extend from spring into summer. Given ample root space and favorable genetics, a plant can reach heights of three to four meters during the vegetative phase. Modern cultivation practices often involve frequent topping and under-shucking throughout the entire growth phase, promoting a uniform canopy that fills with evenly sized buds during the flowering stage. As long as there are more than twelve hours of daylight, cannabis will persist in its vegetative state. The further you are from the equator, the shorter the vegetative phase your cannabis will have before transitioning to the flowering stage.

❔ How Long Does the Vegetative Phase Last?

The duration of the vegetative phase is flexible and can be tailored to your preferences. You can opt for numerous small plants, as seen in the Sea of Green (SOG) method, which maximizes space usage. Alternatively, you can choose a few larger plants that are carefully topped and mainlined to produce substantial clusters of flowers.

Step 6: Flourishing During the Cannabis Blooming Phase

The Blossoming of Cannabis

"Flowering," "blooming," and "budding" all denote the same captivating phase of growth for the cannabis plant. The coming months hold great anticipation as enchanting aromas begin to waft through the air. Striking floral patterns unique to your chosen strain emerge during this blooming phase. Common to all cannabis plants, this phase brings distinct chapters that unfold as the vegetative stage comes to a close.

Outdoors, the initial signs of flowering manifest as summer's warmth wanes and autumn draws near. Indoors, you orchestrate the onset of flowering by adjusting the lighting schedule to a twelve-hour day and twelve-hour night photoperiod.

Cannabis species respond to hormonal changes that dictate whether they continue to vegetate or commence flowering. There are generally two types: Absolute Photo Determinate (APD) and autoflowering:

- APD plants rely on a light-sensitive hormone to remain in the vegetative state. This hormone inhibits flowering when it's active and becomes dormant under low light conditions and longer nights, triggering the onset of flowering when nights extend to twelve hours or more.
- Autoflowering strains, on the other hand, depend on age-related changes in the same hormone. Once the plant reaches a specific, species-dependent age, this hormone production ceases, and flowering initiates, regardless of the photoperiod. This transition can occur as early as two weeks after germination.

The Stages of Blooming

1. Differentiation

The early flowering phase witnesses a noticeable shift in growth patterns. Instead of the uniform, upward stretching growth seen during vegetation, branch development takes on a zig-zag pattern and nodes become closer together. This phenomenon, known as differentiation, is unmistakable.

2. Flowering

Flowering follows a consistent sequence across all cannabis species but varies in duration. A fast-maturing indica strain can be harvested and enjoyed weeks before a long-flowering sativa reaches maturity.

Shortly after differentiation, actual flowers begin to take shape. Calyxes emerge at branch internodes, quickly forming pistil-covered puffballs. Valuable resins are already forming in fledgling trichomes on the pistils, calyxes, and leaf surfaces.

The puffballs of calyxes gradually extend along their stems, creating space for fresh clusters illuminated by fluorescent light and adorned with distinct, trichome-laden leaves. Unlike sugar leaves, these new leaves are thicker, smaller, often deeply crinkled, and coated in trichomes. They eventually become partially concealed by the swelling flower clusters.

Over the course of weeks, these flower clusters proliferate, forming large colas adorned with resin-swollen trichomes. As they continue to mature, calyxes and trichomes swell, yielding substantial quantities of coveted resins. Full maturation draws near with each passing day.

Step 7: The Art of Harvesting, Drying, and Curing for Premium Cannabis Buds

Perfecting the Cannabis Cure

In the closing weeks of growth, your plants are no longer fed nutrients but are thoroughly flushed with clean water. This vital step ensures a pure flavor devoid of nutrient residues and lingering salt aftertastes.

❔ Determining Cannabis Maturity

Adorned with abundant trichomes, pistils undergo a transformation as they wither and change color. Depending on the strain, deep orange, mauve, brown, or scarlet hues may emerge. Resin sacs swell and gradually change color across the plant. They transition from clear to milky and finally to amber. The flower clusters appear so swollen that they seem to have turned inside out. These unmistakable signs indicate that it's time to reap the rewards of your diligent efforts.

For higher THC content, harvest when trichomes reach 20-30% amber. For a more diverse cannabinoid profile, opt for harvest when trichomes reach 60-80% amber. Exercise vigilance, as the difference here can be as short as twenty-four hours.

The Harvesting Process

There is no one-size-fits-all approach to harvesting; experimentation and learning by doing are key. Some opt for wet trimming, which involves removing all the leaves while the plant is still standing, followed by further breakdown. They then either hang branches to dry or lay individual buds on a drying rack. Others prefer to remove the large sugar leaves, harvest the entire plant, and then hang it.

The only steadfast rule is to handle the delicate trichomes with care and minimize disruption.

The Art of Drying and Curing

Dry your buds in a cool, dark environment with minimal humidity. This process should be slow, taking at least two weeks. Regular checks are essential to prevent over-drying or mold development.

When dry, thin branches will snap easily, while thicker branches will still exhibit slight flexibility. The chlorophyll breaks down, and the vibrant green of growth is replaced with species-specific colors. Buds may take on hues like fawn, tan, pale green, deep blue, or purple as their true dry colors emerge.

Storing Cured Buds

Carefully place your prized buds in a well-sealed glass jar at this point. For the initial two weeks, open the jar's top, or "burp" it daily to release accumulated humidity that could lead to mold growth. Once the flowers are dry to the touch, reduce the burping to once a week. Neglecting this essential step can jeopardize weeks of hard work.

❔ How Long Should Cannabis Cure?

Curing can continue for as long as you desire, keeping in mind that the psychotropic compounds become more potent when properly cured. This transformation takes a minimum of six weeks under ideal conditions, with extended curing resulting in a smoother product. Store your jars in a cool, dark space, as exposure to light can cause THC to break down into other cannabinoids over time.

If you're uncertain about the dryness of your buds, sample them periodically during the drying process to establish a future reference. Dry cannabis might not feel entirely dry due to the waxy nature of the resins, but you'll swiftly develop a keen sense for it.

Enjoying the fruits of your well-cultivated cannabis is a rewarding experience. With a little care and patience, even small spaces can yield fragrant rewards. Happy cultivating, my friends!